The owner owns all rights in the work and retains all rights not transferred to it and retains all common law copyrights and all federal rights that have been or may be granted by the Library of Congress. In 2017, the 9th Court of the Circuit of Appeals of Johnson v. Storix has confirmed a copyright transfer that was not for the purpose of a written assignment.  In this case, author Anthony Johnson sold software as an individual entrepreneur and founded his company in 2003 as Storix, Inc. The court upheld a jury decision that Johnson transferred the copyright to the company when it was founded, based on an annual report he wrote and signed, in which he stated that he had transferred “all the assets” of his individual company. The jury rejected Johnson`s claim that he only wanted to transfer the license to sell the software and also decided that Johnson had become a rental factory when the company was founded, which also deprived all rights of his derivative works. This is the first case where a document, not even a contract or agreement that contains no reference to copyright, has been considered a copyright transfer “note or memorandum” and the first time that a single owner of a business has been designated as a rental work for copyright purposes. [dubious – discuss] This serves as a lesson: a “writing” required by copyright law does not necessarily have to be “clear”, but may contain ambiguous language that can be interpreted by the way third parties handle the alleged transaction. .